人物类话题的出题方式。Who is the person you admire most? (可能会变通为your favorite teacher, the person influenced you most in your family 等等) 和What are the characteristics of a good leader/ teacher/ boss?这两种形式，但是无论是哪种形式，都要求我们根据题目的要求回答出具体的点。现在我们以这个问题为例，介绍托福口语话题中人物类话题的解题思路和技巧。
Describe a special friend in your childhood. Why is he or she special to you? Include specific reasons and details to support your response.
无论是要求描述的是什么人，都可以从这三个词展开appearance, personality, work。
personality, 即性格。描述性格常用的是形容词+细节的描述方式。即在使用一个形容词之后，要接着用例子、个人经历等等细节将形容词解释清楚。例如，He is very helpful. 那么究竟how helpful? 可以说He’s always been there for me whenever I’m in trouble. I can’t even remember how many times he has saved me out of mess. 这就是很棒的细节。
work以指工作，例如工作认真之类的。或者可以指作品，例如He’s really good at singing. His voice/lyrics makes me forget about all those problems. 这一项理由，在描述一个歌手、演员、诗人、作者、偶像等等的时候，非常有用。
对于部分考生来说，有些词汇考生自己说起来都会觉得不好意思，因为实在词穷，用来用去都用烂了。夸漂亮一定是beautiful, 夸性格好一定是nice、friendly、outgoing, 夸认真工作一定是hardworking, 夸作品好一定是good。翻来覆去的使用的都是一样的词汇，自然不会帮助我们提高。我们在托福口语考试中要使用一些可以打动人心的词汇。比如：
外表类：fabulous, gorgeous, neat, normal looking, regular
性格类：tenacious, persistent, stubborn, warm-hearted, generous
工作类：workaholic, enthusiastic, determined, laser-focused, devoted
作品类：impressive, touching, entertaining, unique, hideous
In your opinion, what are some important characteristics of a good friend? Use reasons and specific examples to explain why these characteristics are important.
Which do you think is the most important quality of a strong friendship: loyalty, honesty or sense of humor? Explain why? Please include details and examples in your response.
Describe a special friend in your childhood, why he or she is special to you? Include reasons and details to support your response.
supportive 支持的/kind-hearted 热心的/reliable 可靠的/sociable 善交际的/creative 有想象力的/candid 直率的/caring 关心人的/generous 慷慨的/sympathetic 有同情心的/thoughtful 体贴的
因此，我们的topic sentence可以说For me, a good friend should be supportive and humorous. 或者For me, a true friend ought to be thoughtful and generous. 当然，supportive和humorous可以替换成任何描述朋友的形容词。
对于第一个主题句，接下来的supporting details可以这样来发挥：First, friends always have many things in common, in other words, they like to do the same things or have similar characters. So, it is no surprise that good friends always support you when you have to make choices. Even though having different ideas, a good friend can understand you and support your choice. Also, a humorous friend can always brighten you up. If you feel down or upset, it’s lucky to have a friend who can tell jokes for you or take you to do some funny things.
对于第二个主题句，可以用以下的话来支持它：First of all, a thoughtful and considerate friend can make you feel safe and comfortable. When you get sick or get hurt when playing sports, you will forget about the pain and suffering with the caring from your friends. A thoughtful friend also will consider your feeling and well-being when he does or says something in front of someone else. Secondly, a good friend can be very generous when you are in trouble or in need. We can see that many successful people got a lot of help materialistically and spiritually from their friend. Thus, a generous friend may be the key when you are heading for your success.
There are several characteristics that I think a true friend should have. First, a true friend should be sincere. That means he or she becomes my friend just for me, not for my possession, power or other considerations. And a true friend should be candid, which means when I’m going to do something wrong, he or she would dissuade me and they would not just flatter me but point out my defects. Second, I believe that a friend in need is a friend indeed. When I’m in trouble, he or she is here and supports me; when I’m depressed, he or she would stay with me and encourage me. In addition, a true friend should be reliable enough so that I can share my secrets and feelings with him or her. Therefore, I think these are the important characteristics that a true friend should have.